The Impact of American Empires

Impact of the Age of Exploration

  • Explorers learned more about areas such as Africa and the Americas and brought that knowledge back to Europe.
  • Massive wealth accrued to European colonizers due to trade in goods, spices, and precious metals.
  • Methods of navigation and mapping improved, switching from traditional portolan charts to the world’s first nautical maps.
  • New food, plants, and animals were exchanged between the colonies and Europe.
  • Indigenous people were decimated by Europeans, from a combined impact of disease, overwork, and massacres.
  • The work force needed to support the massive plantations in the New World, led to a 300 year slave trade that had an enormous impact on Africa.
  • The impact persists to this day, with many of the world’s former colonies still considered the “developing” world, while colonizers are the First World countries, holding a majority of the world’s wealth and annual income.

Analyse sources

Read information from the following webpage: https://www.ducksters.com/history/renaissance/age_of_exploration_and_discovery.php

Look at the sources and explain them with your own words giving evidence for your ideas and opinion (evidence must be taken from the photocopies, the webpage and your knowledge on the topic)

Source 1

Parade Honoring Magellan's Voyage

An 1891 print shows a parade in honor of Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan, whose ships circumnavigated the world between 1519 and 1522, Spain, 1522. Magellan, himself, had died in 1521, and the return was achieved under the command of one of Magellan’s captains, Juan Sebastian Elcano.

Source 2

Constantinople Falls

The capture and sacking of Constantinople by Turkish troops under Mohammed II, 29th May 1453. The Turkish victory marked the end of the Byzantine Empire and the rise of the Ottomans.

Source 3

Departure of Columbus

Illustration titled ‘Embarkation and Departure of Columbus from the Port of Palos’, On His First Voyage of Discovery, On The 3rd of August, 1492.

Source 4

Henry Hudson Greeted by Native Americans

Henry Hudson, his boat being greeted by Native Americans at the lakeshore.

 

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16 Responses to The Impact of American Empires

  1. Joaco Capacete says:

    1. Magellan went to explore America and he died while he was traveling. In the image a pilgrimage is shown. That pilgrimage is in his honor. There is a map on page six where Magellan is mentioned. In the webpage, his death is mentioned like “Unfortunately, Magellan was killed during the expedition and he did not complete the voyage”, And the voyage was going all around the globe.

    2. Constantinople is really important in the “Discovery” of America. The routes to india were closed becouse the Ottoman Empire captured it, and there were no many available routes to india. That was the end of the Byzantine Empire.

    3. Cristopher Columbus “Discovered” South America in 1492. He Never knew that he reached the new world, he sailed the seas, becouse of Constantinople, he was paid to have better routes to India, Native Americans were called “Indians” becouse Christopher thought it was India.

    4. Henry Hudson was leaving America, and the natives thought they were good people becouse they traded, and they thought that nothing was going to happen, like I give you cows and that’s it, but they didn’t know their future. The people that thought they were good, they conquer them.

  2. manuel bravo says:

    Source 1:As the source description tells, the image shows a parade in honor of Ferdinand Magellan. As we can see, what seems as a celebration, may end up turning into a chaotic or problematic situation, as there is too many people in the street, some are running, and there are even armed guards.

    Source 2: In this source, we can see a war, or at least an intense battle. we see a lot of death and violence, and structures destroyed. It also seems that one side is totally defeating the other.

    Source 3: This source shows Colombus about to sail, in a very nice day. We can see many boats what means that he is not going alone, and a lot of people around him, probably wishing him luck.

    Source 4: In this source, you can see Henry Hudson arriving at a new island. In a very nice day, you can see how people who lived in the island, the native americans, receive the sailors in a good way. Behind, you can see a big boat

  3. carmela depino says:

    source 1
    -There are meny people remembering the Portugese explorer Ferdinand Magellan.He travelled all over the world with his ship between 1519 and 1522.Ferninand died in 1521.He ruturns under the command of Juan Sebatian Elcano.
    source 2
    -In this source there are many dead people in the floor because the Turkish capture with marks the end of the Bysantine empire and the rise of Ottomans.
    source 3
    -Here there are a lot of people wating the departure of Colombus on the 3th of August in 1492
    source 4
    -Henry Hudson happily recived greetings by Native Americans.

  4. Sofia says:

    Source 1: A parade dedicated to Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer who was the first human to circle the globe while he tried to find another route to Eastern Asia. He didn’t only circle the globe on that trip, but he also found out Brazil existed, and colonized it.
    Source 2: When the Turkish army, commanded by Mohammed II, conquered Constantinople and ended with the Byzantine Empire, destroying in their way all Constantinople.
    They also closed lots of valuable trading routess, forcing several countries to explore, and find other ways of trading.
    Source 3: This image happens after Spanish monarchs Isabella and Ferdinand paid for Columbus’ trip, and in the painting he is just about to start the journey to try to find a trade route, but finishing the trip discovering the New World of the Americas
    Source 4: Henry Hudson or Henry The Navigator is being greeted by Native Americans at the lakeshore, who don’t know that he and his men are about to enslave them along with the slaves from Africa, where Henry was probably going.

  5. Luz says:

    Source N°1 shows a picture in honor of Ferdinand Magellan. But, who was Ferdinand Magellan? Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese explorer working for the Spanish who sailed around the world between 1519 until 1521 and died in the way. Juan Sebastian Elcano, a member of Magellan’s crew, finished the trip. In the image it seems as if the town people and Magellan’s crew were crying his death besides the church.

    The second source shows the saking and capturing of Constantinople. In 1453, Constantinople was captured by the Ottomans but then, they advanced to Greece and territories beyond. One of the greatest powers was the Byzantine Empire which was constantly fighting with the Holy Roman Empire. But Europeans also learned much about art, science and literature from Muslims. The picture shows a illustration of people hiding from this war a soldiers fighting between each other and destroying their towns and empires, saking their empires.

    The third image shows Columbus and his explorers arriving at the Port of Palos but, was Columbus that good? That depends from what point of view are you seeing it. Some native Americans said that he was worse than Hitler, and if you see it that way, he was. Columbus got to a land he didn’t know, took the people how lived there, slaved them and forced them to follow their religion and culture. He destroyed their culture. It is true that Columbus discovered America but, at what price.

    At last but not the least, here we have Henry Hudson being welcome by the native Americans to their land, but only because they don’t know what it’s waiting for them.

  6. Mora says:

    Source 1: It shows a parade in honor dedicated to the Portuguese explorer, Ferdinand Magellan, whose ships explored the word between 1519 and 1522. He died in 1521 and the return made it one of Magellan’s captains, Juan Sebastian Elcano.

    Source 2: It shows when the Turkish army, commanded by Mohammed, conquered Constantinople. That victory marked the end of the Byzantine empire and the rise of the ottomans.

    Source 3: This source shows how Columbus left for his exploration on August 3rd, 1492

    Source 4: This source shows when Henry Hudson was arriving to America and being greeted by native Americans at the lakeshore. Maybe he was going to his trip to Africa.

  7. Francisco rewrite says:

    1. They really apreciated explorers in their countries because of their discoveries
    2. This shows that it doesn’t matter how advanced we are we’ll still have wars. And we can kill hundreds of pople for a bit of power that in the end we’ll lose.
    3. This proves Colombus did exict and is not a myth, there was a real expedition from port of palos to india which finished in america
    4. Native people thought they were gods because they were very advanced but they didn’t now they were their end.

  8. Martu says:

    Source 1: This image was dedicated to Ferdinand Magellan who discovered the circle the globe, unfortunately he was killed during the trip.

    Source 2: Mohamed II was the commander o the Turkish army, they conquered Constantinople and they finished with the Byzantine empire.

    Source 3: In 1492 Isabella and Ferdinand (Spanish monarcas) paid for Colombus’s trip.

    Source 4: Henry The Navigator sent ships to explore the west cost of Africa.

  9. Cata says:

    Source 1:
    The source number one is a parade in memory of Ferdinand Magellan of what it seems to be
    of important people in front what it looks like a church. I think they make this parade because
    he was an important person who circumnavigate around the world in four years (description
    of the source).
    Source 2:
    The source number two is the slaughter of Constantinople by the Ottoman Empire, that later
    on the consequence was that the traders and navigators have to find a different way to reach
    India and China so that’s when the Age of Exploration started (webpage).
    Source 3:
    The source number three is an illustration of Columbus first voyage on a shore of a lake
    going to set sail with his other boats (description of the source).
    Source 4:
    The source number four is a painting of Henry Hudson in his exploration trying to reach
    Africa but he went to south America, while there the native people receive him when they
    saw him (description of the source/knowledge of the topic).

  10. Manu, Mati, and Marcos says:

    Source 1: You can see that there are lots of poor people and not so many rich people. In our opinion the picture is really well-painted and it is obvious that it was painted by a really good artist.

    Source 2: This picture represents the bad side of the Ottomans. It is really clear that the Ottomans didn’t use peace as a tool to gain power and land. In our opinion it is a horrible painting, not for it’s way of painting, wich is really beautiful, it is horrible cause the scene is really horrific.

    Source 3: We see Columbus reterning triumphant, thinking that he discovered India, and that was the moment he became REALLY famous. Also you can see that ppeople are really amazed about Columbus discovery.

    Source 4: We see Henry Hudson being greeted by the americans. It is a really sad image cause the natives don’t know that Henry will only bring disgrace to those lands, that he would kill people, steal their riches and kill almost all of them.

  11. Tuni Padilla says:

    Source 1: People commemorating Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer, who circumnavigated the world with his ships between 1519 and 1522. Unfortunately, Ferdinad died in 1521 and when he died, the exploration was in the hands of Juan Secano Elcano.

    Source 2: the dismissal of the Turkish troops towards Constantinople. Under the command of Mohammed II on May 29, 1453, when the Turks took the victory, the end of the Byzantine Empire and the rise of the Ottomans were marked.

    Source 3: Painting titled “Departure from Columbus from the port of Palos”, which is when Columbus left for exploration. On August 3, 1492

    Source 4: Native Americans receiving Henry Hudson on the lake shore

  12. Luz and Martu says:

    In the first picture it seems like a lot of villagers on foot or riding horses around a church.

    In the second image it seems like a lot of people hiding or fighting in middle of war with the beyond the destruction of the Byzantine empire.

    In the third picture it seems as a bunch of colonizers coming out of their boats exploring a new lando.

    Forth image shows Henry Hudson on his boat being welcomed by native Americans.

  13. Joaco and Mate says:

    1. Magellan went to explore America and he died while he was traveling. In the image a pilgrimage is shown. That pilgrimage is in his honor. There is a map on page six where Magellan is mentioned. In the webpage, his death is mentioned like “Unfortunately, Magellan was killed during the expedition and he did not complete the voyage”

    2. Constantinople is really important in the “Discovery” of America. The routes to india were closed becouse the Ottoman Empire captured it, and there were no many available routes to india

    3. Cristopher Columbus “Discovered” South America in 1492. He Never knew that he reached the new world, he sailed the seas, becouse of Constantinople, he was paid to have better routes to India, Native Americans were called “Indians” becouse Christopher thought it was India.

    4. Henry Hudson was sharing their ideas with the native Americans.

  14. Lourdes says:

    The Source 1 is about they were celebrating of the portuguese explorer that in 1521 he died. The Source 2 is about the Turkish victory finished the Bizantine Empire. When the Ottoman Empire captured Constantinolpe. The Source 3 is about Christopher Columbus he sail the Atlantic Ocean he could not get the Portuguese to fund his expedition, so he went with the Spanish. Spanish Monarchs pay for Columbus and in 1492 Columbus discovered The New World of America. And the Source 4 is about Henry Hudson his boat was received by the Native Americans.

  15. Sofi and Ambar says:

    Source 1: A parade dedicated to Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer who was the first one to circle the globe.
    Source 2: When the Turkish army, commanded by Mohammed II, conquered Constantinople and ended with the Byzantine Empire.
    Source 3: Spanish monarchs Isabella and Ferdinand paid for Columbus’ trip, and in the image he is just about to start the journey.
    Source 4: Henry Hudson or Henry The Navigator is being greeted by Native Americans at the lakeshore. Probably, he was going to his trip to western Africa.

  16. Emilio says:

    Source 1
    They are celebrating the return of Magellan and his conquest in Brazil
    Source 2
    The Turkish are finishing a battle against the Byzantine Empire, creating the Ottoman Empire.
    Source 3
    Columbus leaving for his first trip to India.
    Source 4
    Harry Hudson being greeted by Native Americans while arriving in Lakeshore

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